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Welcome to Abilities & Beyond!
Communication Disorders
What does it mean?
Kids in Preschool

Communication encompasses both speech and language. Speech comprises the motoric part of the communication and language is related to brain function. 


Speech Disorders include articulation (not able to say all sounds), stuttering (speech characterized by dysfluency) etc. 


Language Deficits might comprise of receptive (understanding others, following directions etc.), expressive (expressing wants, needs, asking questions, replying, commenting etc.) and pragmatic language (verbal and non-verbal language, social interaction, eye contact, tone, inflection etc.).

Communication disorders may occur in isolation (for example articulation, stuttering, expressive disorder) or co-exist with other diagnoses for example autism, down syndrome etc.

Following is a list of some of the communication difficulties that we as SLPs encounter:

Articulation – difficulty saying certain sounds or words, multisyllabic words

Expressive Language – shorter sentences, unable to request, express needs and wants, answer questions

Receptive Language – difficulty understanding age-appropriate directions, comprehending stories,  answering questions

Stuttering – getting stuck on sounds, words or phrases and/ or repeating them.

Non-verbal - inability to use any words

Pragmatics/ Social language Delays - difficulty with eye contact, making friends, having difficulty with play skills (playing with toys and with others) say in appropriate things, having a monotone conversation (questions don’t seem like questions etc.)

Literacy – difficulties in reading, writing, spelling, comprehending etc.

If you are concerned about your child's speech and language skills, feel free to contact us for a free screening.

Click here to look at some of the communication behaviors that may indicate your child may need some assistance. 

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